Progress and Preservation: 1900-1950

These decades are the era of some of the most ardent battles for wilderness preservation of our time.



"The tendency nowadays to wander in wilderness is delightful to see. Thousands of tired, over-civilized people are beginning to find out that going to the mountains is going home; that wildness is a necessity; and that mountain parks and reservations are useful not only as fountains of timber and irrigating rivers, but fountains of life."

—John Muir
Our National Parks, 1901



Follow the links below to read insights from some notable individuals.

Black Elk, Oglala Sioux: Black Elk's Earth Prayer

Excerpt from "A Sand County Almanac" by Aldo Leopold.



"Wilderness was never a homogenous raw material. It was very diverse, and the resulting artifacts are very diverse. These differences in the end-product are known as cultures. The rich diversity of the world's cultures reflects a corresponding diversity in the wilds that gave them birth."

—Aldo Leopold
A Sand County Almanac, 1949

Go to Wilderness: 1950-2000